Scotland: A Short Guide to the Sights
Why visit Scotland? Find out with the video below. Test yourself using the worksheet below!
In the video, you will discover various things to see and things to do in Scotland. Listen and complete the information below:
The Scottish Highlands
Scotland is often divided into two regions: the Lowlands and the Highlands. The Lowlands is the most heavily populated region, with the largest cities, while the Highlands are a sparsely populated region consisting of mountains and islands. Most of Scotland’s protected Natural Scenic Areas (NSA) are in the Highlands, as well as Ben Nevis, the highest mountain in the UK.
The Scottish Highlands are renowned for their natural beauty. There are numerous glens, valleys with gentle slopes that can be found in and between the mountains, and many famous lochs. A loch is a Scots word for “lake,” and the most famous of these is Loch Ness. Loch Ness is often said to be the home of the Loch Ness Monster, or “Nessie”, though multiple scientific research studies have found no hard evidence of this creature’s existence.
Scotland is home to 6 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Notably, St Kilda is one of the only world heritage sites in the world to be for both natural and cultural qualities. St Kilda has many remains of historic and prehistoric human civilization, as well as unique wildlife.
Scotland is also a land of castles. There were once more than 2000 castles across Scotland, though not all of these remain today. Some of the most famous include Edinburgh Castle, a 12th century castle overlooking the capital city from a base of volcanic rock, and Stirling castle, home to the Kings and Queens of Scotland since at least the 1200s and site of many major battles against English forces.